Trash by Andy Mulligan

Look at the two photos: 

  • What do they have in common?
  • What are the main differences? 
  • What are the feelings they engender in you?

childrengroup of kids at a Cambodian rubbish dump

Look at the following booktrailer and say what elements you can single out of it.

Look at the book covers.

  • Which one do you find most appealing?
  • Which one catches your attention most? Why?

Trash_Andy_MulliganTrash by Andy Mulligan (US)Trash-front

·         What kind of book is it?

·         What new elements can you spot that add up to the trailer?

After reading the novel think of the bookcover you would draw if you were asked to.

What do you expect life to be like on a rubbish dump?

These children may tell you their stories, if you are interested in listening to them.  What questions would you like to pose them?  What do you think they are thinking of?  They are looking directly into your eyes, what are those eyes telling you?

dumpsite childCambodian kidsWatch the videos and see whether your thoughts of how children live on a dumpsite were right.

Unfortunately there are lots of dumpsites in the world, places where people are turned into “recycling machines”, where their dignity is stripped off.  They are there because they must survive.

The novel “Trash” is based on first-hand experience of the writer in Manila in the Philippines.  Click here, watch the other videos and jot down your feelings, your thoughts.

Choose two of the pictures and do the following creative writing activities:

Picutre One: Give the child/ren a name, an identity, write who their parents are, why they are on a dumpsite, what their relationship is like.  Then write a postcard to them being yourself.  What image would you choose for them?  What words would you write?

Picture Two: Choose your identity and write a page in your diary.  Say what your are feeling like today; What is crossing your mind; What your plans for the day are; What your aims for the future are; What you are going to do to accomplish them; Who can help you fulfil your objectives.

Look at the video and say whether you are interested.  We could raise some money and help these children.  We can write a strong message of hope and most of all show our support.  You can all make a difference.

Would you like to partake this project? Why (not)?

Many times I wonder whether you ever think of your own destiny.  I ask myself: what are the merits I can really account for myself in life?  What is it that I really had to work hard to achieve and I did it by myself?

The money I inherited or I will inherit from my parents? NO, obviously not.  They worked for it, I didn’t.

The place I was born? NO, definitely not.  That is just destiny.

What would my life be like if I had been conceived in a developing country by a family with no means? This question it is impossible to answer, but it forces me not to take things for granted and be thankful of what the destiny has had in store for me up to now.

What are your considerations? Are these just mental rumblings of mine?

Read about Michelle, the same age as yours, and take notes.  What have you learnt about her life?  What are the main differeces between her life and yours?  Can you spot any similarities?

Look at the Trash website and listen to the interview to the author and read the Frequently Asked Questions.

Read the questions to the author.  Which one do you like the most? Why?

What other question would you pose the writer?


Watch and find out by yourself:

  • How did Andy Mulligan come up with the idea of writing “Trash”?
  • What strategies did he use to write it?
  • What are the things he wants to find in fiction?

Creative writing activities

There are two written tasks I would like you to do.  The first one is the diary page of a dumpsite boy or girl.  On the basis of the videos we watched, what is the daily life of a scavanger?  Guiding questions: does s/he go to school? does s/he get washed? what does s/he eat? where does s/he get food?  what does s/he find in the heaps of rubbish?  what season is the most difficult and why? what does his/her house look like?  how many people are there in his/her family? who helps  them out? (is there anybody who does?) what dangers does s/he face everyday?  does s/he feel lonely? does s/he have the time to play with his/her friends?  what are the hopes for his/her future?

Then write a poem dedicated to dumpsite children.  Give a title to your poem (possible suggestions: Dumpsite Boy, Dumpsite Girl, Thinking of You, Little Scavanger, This is For U, Two Worlds Apart)

This is a poem by someone called Alison  I found on the web and I love it.


We Dumpsite Boys. Trash poem.

Sickness death stupp and rubbish
mud dumps death and hunger
this is the life for the homeless children of Behala
for we are the bottom of the steaming heap of trash that is the world
we are down with the bits or plastic and poo
everyday the same
pick it up pick it up pick it up
pick up the things that one one else wants
things they throw out
but to us it is a living
we dumpsite boys of Behala
everyday the same
pick it up pick it up pick it up


I asked the students to work in groups and outline a file for all the main characters in the story. The students sent me the work and I checked it at home, teaching them how to improve their file and make it more challenging for the reader (e.g. If the writer decided to remove you from the story, how would you defend your existence as a character? Why are you important in the development of the story?)
These Padlets contain the files for each character. Which description do you like best? Why?

Questa voce è stata pubblicata in Reading for Pleasure. Contrassegna il permalink.

40 risposte a Trash by Andy Mulligan

  1. Beatrice Silvestrin scrive:

    The cover that I like the most is the third one, because it can give me a feeling of hope, because although children are surrounded by trash, the background with the clouds that let the sun rise and the birds that fly, seem to say that there may be a future for the children over the trush … also the first guy over the heap of rubbish, seems to want to imitate the birds for fly away and move towards a future that is not the future of a child forced to live in a wretched life just because he has no other option.
    If I could make some questions to the child’s photo I will probably ask at the girl some questions:
    1- How do you feel to live in this way?
    2 – What do you think when you wake up every day?
    3 – What were the words of your parents that make you understand that your future would be a future of a rubbish girl?
    4- what is the thing that every day gives you the strength to continue?

    I think that the girl (in the first photo) is just asking for help, she does not want to petty anyone, but she expresses the sweetness and innocence of a little girl who just wants to survive in spite that her life can not be the life that a child should live. In fact probably her innocence and her “ignorance” lead her to think that a child’s life should be lived in this way. In spite of everything, his eyes do not express anger or depression as the eyes of many people who are well do. But his eyes express just how much she seems already growth, even though she has only 4-5 years (I think). however, I see in her eyes the desire to receive love that I think she misses. In her, there are a request of help that she does not express with the body but that she expresses with her eyes, without the use of words.

  2. Pozzi Valentina scrive:

    I find most appealing the second cover, for its colors and the sentence ” PICK IT UP-AND KEEP IT HIDDEN”
    The cover that catch my attention is the third, because are represented the three protagonists, Rafael, Gardo and Rat, while they are looking for special things; I like the dumpsite, too, although it is a bad place, it is all illuminated by the sun and it seems there is a better life in the future for the protagonists.
    For me, this is a book that deals about a sad truth. Today, unfortunately, there are many people that lived in dumpsites, with no hope for the future and only few people knows this hard reality.
    I think that life in dumpsites is brutal, because you always find rubbishes ( like human muck!). I think also that life is sad in dumpsites, because you don’t find friends and you have to work into rubbishes all days to earn money and to have something to eat every days.
    My questions for the girl are:
    1. What are your goals?
    2. Are you afraid about your health?
    3. Have you got friends here?
    4. What place in the world, you would like to go?
    5. Would you like to run away from the dumpsite?
    6. Have you got parents, brothers or sisters?
    For me, the children in the photos are looking forward their goals and their future life. Their eyes tell me that they would like to run away and have a life more beautiful!

  3. Sara Foresto scrive:

    I think that in the first photo the child think : I live in a dumpsite here there is stench, we don’t play so much and we don’t have fun. I live here since I was born I have not a beautiful house, around me everything is filthy and at night it is cold thence I’m not complaining because here I have my family, here I can eat here I have my friend and I’m happy for this. Sure work is not easy we spend all the day crawl up and down to the heaps of rubbish and at the end of the day I’m really tired but I know that however I have a family I know that there are some of my friend that don’t have a dad or a mum I have also trousers of my favorite color I really like them, and so I think I’m a lucky girl!

  4. Chiara Tosi scrive:

    I think that the most appealing cover is the last one. As I saw in the book trailer, in the story the main characters are three boys, not only Raphael. I think that on the book cover there should have been even Raphael’s friends. It would be more realistic and the reader can imagine the story.
    But the first one catches my attention because of the colors: orange, yellow and white highlight the dark figure in the foreground.
    “Trash” is a detective story, from the picture on the cover and the trailer, I understood that in the story there are three young boys that live on a dumpsite and one day they found something interesting in the rubbish.
    I am really interested to know the story of one of those children , because I can’t imagine what are the real conditions and their lives in the dumpsite.
    If I could, I would ask a child if he knows how is the world outside the dumpsite. Then I would ask him what does he think at when he goes to sleep and he is alone with his thoughts. I would ask him what he does when he does not work and if he has got “true friends”.
    The girl in the first photo looks tired, maybe she worked all the day and maybe she didn’t find anything to eat. She needs a comfortable place where sleep and a big hug from her mother.
    In the second photo there are two children, maybe they are brothers and they look tired, but the elder brother is smiling.
    Their eyes are sweet, but needy of sweetness and help, from everybody. They are not asking to be pitied, they are just asking us to pay attention and not ignore their and other children’s situation.

  5. Giorgia Lena scrive:

    I like best the third cover because when I see it I see freedom, the birds that are fling away, the boys on the top of the hill, it is beautiful. It seems like the boys are trying to fly with the birds, they are just playing because even if they work and they have to look after themselves they are still children.

    I would like to ask the same questions to the girl in the first photo and to the boys in the second:
    -Can you find something to eat every day or sometimes you have to work all day without a pause?
    -Are you scared of getting sick?
    -Would you like to go to school?
    -Do you work alone or somebody helps you?
    -What is the most dangerous thing you can do in the dumpsite?

    The girl in the first photo looks sad, probably she is wondering what the photographer is doing and why, she just don’t understand why a stranger is talking with her.
    The older boy in the second picture looks happy, he’s a beautiful child and probably the younger boy is his brother. It seems like he’s protecting his little brother.
    He’s smiling for the photographer and probably he is wondering how much he could gain if he could sell the photographer’s camera.

  6. Claudia Lavopa scrive:

    I prefer the first cover because I think that describe better than the other covers life in the dumpsite.
    In the first cover I think that the boy is saying that this is his life, that he lives in a shanty town and that he works in the dumpsite.
    I also think that that boy is saying that he can’t go away from the dumpsite and that he has to work there forever because if he doesn’t work he can’t survive.

    I want to ask to the little girl some questions:
    1- Me: How do you feel when you know that you must live in this way for the rest of your life?
    Child: I feel sad because I would go to school or play with my friends but I can’t because I must live here and work very hard every day because it’s the only way to survive.
    2- Me: Do you have any brothers or sisters? Do they work with you?
    Yes, I have but they are too young so I look after them.
    3-Do you think that one day you’ll stop this work?
    Every day I hope that this day will come soon because I don’t like it and I’m always tired and I can’t do anything.
    4- Me: How many hours do you work a day?
    Child: I work until I find something that I can sell.
    5- Me: Do you work even when you are ill?
    Child: Yes, I do because if I don’t work I can’t eat and I can’t survive.

  7. Chiara Turchet scrive:

    I really like the third cover, because it is colourful and it conveys me a message of hope and peace. The element in the foreground is a pile of garbage, that is the principal theme of the book, but on top of the pile there are three little boys, the principal characters, that seem to fly with birds in the sky. In fact in the background there are a lot of birds that are flying freely in the sky. The three boys in top of the pile seem that they would like to take off from the dump site where they live and fly freely in the sky until reaching the light behind the hill. All the birds they are going to that light: it seems that there is something special behind that pile, something that can really change things. In my opinion one boy is opening his arms and the others two boys are trying to create a pair of wings with some rubbish to fly away to others worlds. The colours chosen for the cover are in contrast: there are the colours used for the rubbish in the pile and for the title, that are dark and gloomy, in the shades of browns, while the colours used for the sky and the clouds are clear and bright. The bright blue used for the sky conveys me a sense of freedom and tranquillity. Even if I haven’t read the book yet, I think that the third cover represent in a better way the message of it and I think it catches more the attention of the readers. In my opinion it is a detective story, but with some dramatic steps caused by the setting of the story and the characters, that are three little boys. If I could add some new elements for the trailer I’d like to emphasize the message of freedom and hope, that distinguishes the cover that I chose, by using more bright colours and the birds, that are the elements that represent in the best way the feeling of freedom.
    I can’t even imagine how is the life in a dump site, but I only think it is not a life. In my opinion nobody deserve a life like that. The people who live there lose their dignity and they haven’t got any rights. The children have to grow up in unhealthier conditions without the possibility to go to school, to have fun and to live a real good life like us. They have to work every day, every minute of their life to find something interesting among the garbage to stay alive. The children start to work at the age of three and under the weather and in every day of the year, with their little feet and hands they have to sift all over the dump site to find something special. And something special means plastic, paper, tin cans, rags or rubber. These children do not live their life, do not have an education and a future and this is sad and shameful for our world. There are people that have all and even more and people that live in these conditions: I think we have to something for these problems and less worry about others stupid things.
    I like so much the first imagine, where there is a little sweet girl surrounded by heaps of rubbish. She is all dirty and scruffy, but she doesn’t lose her sweetness and innocence: her eyes, black like pitch, have seen a cruel reality since she was born. Her eyes touched me a lot and they are telling me a desperate request for help. That little creature makes me reflect about myself and my wealthy life and they urge me to pull out my sensibility. For me she is thinking that she would like so much to escape from her reality and go out to play with others children, to go on the swing and to do all the things she cannot do there, in the dump site. She says to me: ”Please do something for me and my family! Try to improve my life forever! I want to have a normal life like you: I’d like to run in green and clean meadows and I’d like to have new cool shoes on my feet…I’d like a normal simple life like you girl!”. These are some questions that I’d like to pose to the little child of the imagine:
    -How are you?
    -What are the feelings that you feel everyday living here?
    -What is your biggest dream?
    -What is the best present you would like to receive?
    -Would you like to live in another wealthy country and leave forever your family?
    -What is the thing that miss you the most?
    -How would you change the world?
    -Have you ever try to ask to your parents why are you living here?

  8. Alessia Giordano scrive:

    I find the most appealing the third cover, because it makes me think more about how are dumpsites in those shanty towns in poor countries, that’s why it catches my attention too,
    because I think that is the most creative and imaginative to reproduce the scenery of the novel “Trash” by Andy Mulligan.
    The children in those photos have no idea about our normal life; they were born in this condition of poverty but ,despite this, their faces are giving us a message of hope and help.
    It is very difficult to pose them some questions because they are so young to understand how their life is so difficult: the only think I would probably know from them is if they have parents or someone who loves them.
    I think that the only thing they are thinking of is to find food for that day, their eyes are telling me:” Please, help us!”

  9. Erica Corazza scrive:

    The cover that I find most appealing is the third one because in the foreground there is a heap of trash and on top of it there are Raphael, Gardo and Rat, the three main characters of the book. In the background there is another trash and this gives me an idea of what the book is about. The sky is light-blue, orange and white. It looks like as if a storm is coming and maybe it refers also to the mood of the children. In the background there are also some birds flying away and this is probably what the children would like to do.

    Interviewer: Dear little girl, what is your name?
    Girl: My name is Lila.
    Interviewer: How old are you?
    Girl: I don’t know.
    Interviewer: Where are your parents?
    Girl: My mum went to look for food and my dad has a gun.
    Interviewer: Where is your T-shirt?
    Girl: I lost it and now I’m looking for another one.
    Interviewer: Do you want my T-shirt?
    Girl: Yes, I like it.
    Interviewer: Can I take a picture of you?
    Girl: I don’t care. Can you give me something to eat?
    Interviewer: Yes, in my bag I have some biscuits. Here you are.
    (She smiles at me)

  10. Alberto Rocco scrive:

    I think the first and the third covers are the most appealing, especially the first one. I love the sentece which is written under the title and this is the main reason why I would buy this book if I were in a book-shop. It’s mysterious..and it catches my attention. This was the first reason why I like the first cover.
    The second one is the kid drawn on the cover. I don’t know exactly why but he looks happy and I like it.
    I’d like to speak about the second cover. To me, it’s horrible. The sentence is focused to catch people’s attention, but the design is horrible: it’s too dark and it would make me think that it’s a book about death. I don’t like it at all.

    The two images in the blog are really touching. They represent children who live on a dumpsite. Their eyes ar so representatives. They’re sad, probably because they are thinking about their situations, their difficulties. But I see a little bit of happiness in the second picture, probably because if you lived in that condition, you would enjoy little things more.
    I would ask them some question but I know that my questions would be stupid question according to them.
    Although, I’m going to write some questions:
    -what dreams do you have?
    -how many true friends do you have?
    -what do you think of me?
    -do you think you would escape from here if you could?

  11. Sonia Bruccoleri scrive:

    I think that the most appealing cover is the first one that is also the writer’s choise. I really love this image. It rapresents a child on top of a dump and in the second plane you can see where they live with their family and with what they built their house. For me this image is very strong expecially because I had never seen a place like this and only think how they live there every day, I feel bad.

    This children make me feel sad and so helpless: in their eyes you can see what they’re feeling, they’re asking themselves ‘Why life has done this to me and my family? What have I done?’, you can see their pain and worry for the future, what will happen. In these images there are three children very cute that represent the cruelty of the life because they have to work every day, all day,(the one which represents them looking for something that could be important, in the garbage) since they were three years old, but they are also children and in my opinion it is an injustice, because at their age they have to play with their friends and shouldn’t work for living.
    If you will could find a way to escape and have a better life, what do you think you could do to improve also the life of your friends who would still live here?
    Have you ever asked your parents how did you get to live in a dump?
    What are the problems you have been facing living here?

  12. Anna Borin scrive:

    I think that the most appealing cover is the second. I like it because the older child is hugging the other one and he’s smiling. Even if his situation is one of the worse, he is smiling. Maybe the children are brothers and they are orphans, so the older is looking after the brother. In my opinion he’s telling the interviewer:
    “Hi I’m George. And this is my little brother Brad, We don’t have parents, we’re orphans. My brother and I are so lucky today: we found two T-shirts and this is a big gift for us. The life here is not easy, but I’m happy because there is Brad. Brad doesn’t speak but I’m trying to learn to him something. But it’s difficult because during the day I’m busy, I have to search food. Here we aren’t so happy and the people who come to visit us try to cheer us saying “oh, today is a beautiful day, the sun bright” “Hi guys, what a T-shirt, is beautiful” but I think that they are only pathetic. How do you can say a similar thing to a boy like me?! I’m not hungry with foreign people but they arrive here with beautiful clothes and they have sandwiches; they stand in front of us and they ask us how is our life. My life is this, look what is my house, look what is my bed, look who look after me. During the day I walk without any shoes because, I don’t have them, but even because I have to taste what I work over, I have to see if a material is good or bad to swap. But I’m lucky because I’ve a brother, so we divide the work. At evening we look what we have found during the day. Sometimes we play a little bit, I love seeing my brother smiling!”

  13. Laura Manzan scrive:

    In both images the children are smiling and are in bare feet. In the first image they are in a lawn and they are well dressed; in the second the children are in a dumpsite, some of them shirtless.
    I feel sorry for the children in the second image but I admire they because despite they have not material things they are smiling because they have values. I can’t understand how they can let the photographs make photos to them because I’d be ashamed. I find more appealing the first because you can see a part of the story and makes you want to read the book. The second cover capture my attention with the sentence “You never know what will you find” because the immediate question is “What will he found?”.

  14. Cristian Corcimari scrive:

    In my opinion all three covers are appealing,because all three have good characteristics. But if I have to choose the most appealing i choose the first cover because it shows in the best way the situation and represent that is happen .So in the cover you can see all the city(Behala) surroundered by the trash.Instead the cover that chatches my attention most is the third cover because in this cover you can see a big mountain of trash and the children up.This fact can really hit you.
    If I could ask these children I would ask them:
    What are your dreams?’
    What are your goals??
    Do you think one day all this will change?’
    What about your family,are your parents still alive? Have you got any brothers or sisters??
    their eyes are telling me that they are suffering and i can see in their eyes sadness and suffering but at the same hope and hapiness and this is wonderful!!

  15. Anna Reschiotto scrive:

    I like more the third cover because the colours chosen for the sky are soft and they make me think of peace and harmony althought there, in a dump site these words are not the normality. There are also lots of birds that are flying and this, in my opinion, is the representantion of freedom, while the three boys are dump site’s prisoners.
    I’d like to ask some questions to the little girl in first photo, because in the second photo there is a child who is smiling and i would like to understand, they are in the same situation but one smles and the other does not. If I were in front of the girl I would ask questions like these:
    What’s your name?
    How old are you?
    Why are you without a T-shirt? Did you los it?
    And now are you look for another one?
    How would you change your life?
    Where are your parents? Do you have sisters or brothers?
    Why are you looking so sad?

    If I were in front of the little boy I would aks him why is he smiling, I want to understand what he feels and what he thinks about. I can not know what live in a dump site means maybe he smiles because he has ate something or because he has found something interesting or useful. Maybe living there you enjoy simple things more than people who lives in other countries.

  16. Carbonera Sofia scrive:

    The book covers that catches my attention most and I find most appealing is the first because the color is the most striking and in the background I can see the “city” (shantytown) where the story is sat. The child in the cover feels me hopeful, even if is in a place where you can’t wish anything, the right message for Rat :the child I think is in the cover. In the first cover the message is the rightest because is the most leading but doesn’t reveal to the reader the most important part of the story.
    I would ask to the children these questions : if you can be all that you want in your life, what would you be ? What things make you happy ? What are the moment that you remember as happy or fun ? Do you know what the people like voluntary can do for help you ? Have you ever felt carefree ?
    I think that all these children are thinking to a world where the children have not problem like survive but like “I’m late for the school” or “I don’t want to go to the swimming pool today”
    But even if they have not a easy life their eyes are smiling and telling us : “Hi I’m a child, not a recycling machine !!

  17. beatrice silvestrin scrive:

    I would love to participate in these projects and I’d try to have an experience sharing a period in contact with these people. I think it would be very instructive for me and for all the guys who fail to appreciate what they have because they do not have a mobile phone of last generation or because sometimes their parents told to them “no” if they ask for something new. also because I think that despite these videos can make you remain stunned, they can not even touch the reality of these things that happen in those village. I think also that it can not have anything in common with them belonging to the need to see things changing in the right direction. I also think that instead we must reflect on their condition and learn a lot by fighting with them.

    passing to the author I think the idea of writing this book has come to the strong impact that this experience had on him and the desire to know, appreciate and give another vision of hope to every reader trying to create these emotions in the reader without creating an atmosphere of sad but almost like in a “game” as we can seen in the first part where Raphael remains thrilled by the questions that are asked at him and to which he answered jokingly to emphasize the drama of the situation without making the story boring. however in a fiction for him is also important to have a gerenare reatlà that the story should not seem invents.

  18. Deborah D'Angelo scrive:

    I think that the most appealing picture is the second one, because when I look at it I can feel the mistery in the story, and the chosen colours are perfect because green is the colour of the hope and this story talks even about hoping (they hope for a better life). What caught my attention is the sentence written under the title, that is deep, if you understand its sense in the story. “Pick it up and keep it hidden”, reported to the money that the children found. This is a detective story because the main protagonists are searching who’s the money owner. They’ll discover politcs’ plots and a solution to other misteries.
    First Image
    Hi, my name is Haley, I’m six years old and I live here with my family. We are nine people: my parents, my six siblings and me. My parents are old and they don’t work anymore. My mother was born here, and my father came here becuase in the district where he used to live there were too many murders. My eldest brother tried to escape but he failed; another brother of mine escaped but he also returned here becuase out there he was starving. We live all together and we are always happy, but sometimes I see my mother sad becuase she tells us that she loves us and she couldn’t gave us a nice life, because in a dumpsite you could die in any moment. A few days ago I received this letter from an italian schoolgirl:
    Hi Haley,
    my name’s Deborah and I’m fifteen. I live in Italy and fortunetly I go to school. I know your situation, and I’m sorry for what you and your relatives are feeling. I’d like to come there and see what you’re feeling with my eyes and with my heart, because when I see photos I can’t feel all what you want to tell me. I hope that one day I’ll visit a country like yours and I would tell your stories to all the people that have all the material things but don’t have a good heart. I think that who has nothing is happier than people who have all what they want. Poor people hope for a better future, rich people just sit in front of a tv and wait for a better life. With love, Deborah

    Second Image
    Dear diary,
    here is a new day in the dumpsite. We are all happy today because there’s a new van that is bringing us new rubbish. The van is full! This means that today I will find more and more things than other days and maybe I’ll get a bit richer than before. I don’t have many money, but I’ve always found some food in the trash so I have always something to eat. Today I took my decision: next week I’ll escape. I think that out there life is better because I could live by charity. Yes, this is a poor country but there are people who have money and they give it to the poorest. Today I’m happy because I’m sure that I’ll find something nice in the trash: it’s always this way. Every time that I project my break I find something interesting that seems is telling me “stay here a little more”. My goals for the future are: go to school, have a family and find my real father. To accomplish my goals I have to go out the dumpsite, becuase here there’s no school and my father is escaped so he isn’t here. I want toh ave a family and have some kids but I’ll have children just if I can give them a nice life, not in the dump. I’ll set all my goals alone becuase I’m strong and I’ll do what I really want. Now I’ve to go… See you tomorrow, bye bye Love, Deborah

    I’d like to partecipe to this project, because to me 1 euro means nothing, but to those children it could means something to eat when they don’t eat for days. We are from a civilized country and we should help people from poor countries.
    I agree with you because I ask to myself very often “what if I was born in another country? Or in another family?” and this, like you said, is impossibile to answer. But if I want something I fight for it, and I’ll fight for it as long as I will obtain what I want.

    Michelle is a sixteen-year-old girl, she’s our age, but she lives in a different country; this is the reason why she doesn’t have a house and she has to scavenge to survive. These are the main diferences. What we have in common is that we go to school. But in Italy you go to school because it’s compulsory, in her country they fight for have this right. From her I learnt that she fought for what she wanted and she obtained it. Even if she’s poor she helped other children being a voluteer.

    I think that the most interesting question asked to the author is “how can you be a teacher and a theathre person and you find time even to write? Your day is full” because I didn’t know he was also a teacher and I think that he’s obviously an organized person! I would ask him “why during your “long holidays” (like he said) you didn’t have break from work and you wrote this novel?” and “what brought you to go to a dumpsite?”.

    Andy Mulligan came up writing “Trash” because he wanted to tell his trip to Philippines’ dumpsite. He said that he wrote a good book because he found good locations and good carachters; this is his strategy.

  19. Pozzi Valentina scrive:

    Andy Mulligan come up with the idea of writing “Trash”, when he went to a trip to Philippinas and he visited the dumpsite. He saw many children that worked very hard and he inspired his protagonists for his book and also the location.
    He teached in a school as a school teacher.
    He said that, to write this book, he knew the ending before he knew the beggining. Write a book is difficult, you must think very hard, but he said that he wrote this book very very fast.
    His strategie si that he went to the dumpsite and he saw a true reality and he decided to write “Trash”. I liked this book, because is involving, interesting and teachs a true reality that lots of people are poor and live in dumpsits!

  20. Carbonera Sofia scrive:

    1his name is Joy he is 8 years old and he was born in a dumpsite. He has only his father and two brother, he is the youngest of the three and even the luckiest because if his brother work he can go to school, but when he don’t go to the voluntary school he must work as his brother. They are in a dumpsite because the father of Joy lose his job and he can’t pay for all his family.
    This is the imagine that I choose for Joy :
    Dear Joy, I can’t know what you feel. I just know that you is 8 and when I was 8 I didn’t think nothing, when I came home from school I always watched the cartoon on tv. This was my favorite cartoon, I hope that when you will watch this postcard, just for a few moments, you find those moment of lightheartedness that I have lived when I was at your age.
    2Hi friend,
    I’m happy to write to you I’m just come from school, today the teacher choose me for read and when I have finish she say that I have read well and that she is happy for me ! When I told it to my mother she makes me a smile but she go on to pick up so I decide to write to you. My goal for tomorrow are improve in writing and grammar so after I look for a book or whatever where there is something to read . I think that I’m lucky because the school voluntary are helping me and when I go to school I feel pampered.
    Andy Mulligan went to a dumpsite in Philippines and met some children there that are turn to be his characters. When he found these characters he said that in two weeks he wrote the book and then he made a revision.
    I don’t like work at this project because when I think about this poor children I feel unable to do something for them and this make me usless.

  21. Giorgia Lena scrive:

    She is Rayna, she is seven years old and she lives in a dumpsite. Her parents are died and she lives with her grandmother but she is too old and she can’t work, so Reyna is obliged to work to live and to keep her grandmother alive.
    This is the postcard I would send her:
    Hi Rayna,
    I’m Giorgia, I am 15 years old and I am from Italy. I live with my mother, I go to school every day and I’m an only child. I know you live in a dumpsite and you work all day to survive and I admire you for this. I admire you because I think you are a strong little girl and I hope you will have a better future, I know that a letter isn’t nothing but with this litter I give you all my support.
    with love,

    Dear Diary,
    today I met a girl, Shaila.
    She is new, she is 16 and she is beautiful, I saw her while she was searching for something usefull in the trash and she was smiling, she was happy and this made me think.
    I came here 6 months ago as a volunteer and I was not sure of coming here because here people are extremely poor and I did not know if I could live here for a lot of time but when you come here you can’t come back. People here are poor, yes, but they are happy, they work hours and hours for a piece of plastic and when they find it they are just happy, they have nothing but they are always smiling and their smiles are beautiful. Shaila is just a pair of years younger than me, I thought that when I was her age I went to school, I had a family and a lot of useless things and I thought about how lucky I am.
    I love this place and I want to help this people as much as possible.

    I would like to give money to this children but I’m not convinced on the fact of buying them boot because in the book we read that they do not use them, they just sold them so I think we should give them food or money instead of the boots.
    I think that if I were born in a different country I would just be different, obviously it’s impossible to say if I would be different in a positive or in a negative way but I wouldn’t know how living like this is so I quite hard to answer this question and that’s why it’s so hard to understand how people who are less lucky than us feel.

    Michelle is 16, she lives in Payatas in a dumpsite. Her mother has been unemployed since a tropical storm. She doesn’t go to school because it’s too expensive for her.
    Obviously there are many differences between her life and mine: I go to school and she doesn’t, I have a house and she doesn’t, I do not have to work when she works all day in the dumpsite but I don’t find any similarities I think because I don’t know a lot about her.
    My favorite of the Frequently Asked Questions is : ‘’What do you hope you readers take away from it?’’
    And I like it because I think is the most important think for a writer to get the readers involved and to teach them something.
    I would like to ask him:
    Does Raphael represent yourself?
    How much time did you spent on writing the book?

    ‘How did Andy Mulligan come up with the idea of writing “Trash”?’
    He was inspired by his trip in Philippines

    ‘What strategies did he use to write it?
    He uses good characters in good locations

  22. Sara Foresto scrive:

    I find most appealing the first cover, because it has a beautiful colors and see the child who looks at the sun make me think that even in the worst situation there is always a bit of hope and I think that no one should never lose hope. The cover that catch my attention is the second for the colors and the sentence “pick it up-and keep it hidden”.
    I think that life sometimes it’s so unfair! Especially in a dumpsite, I can’t possibly image that innocent children everyday have to rummage in the heap of rubbish with bare feet and work with the stench, and every way children fight to starving, when in another parts of the world have so much money to throw them away and waste food. Sometimes I ask me what they have make to deserve this. If I could ask a dumpsite child something, I would ask him :
    • What is your name?
    • How old are you?
    • Have you got a friend?
    • If you could go away, where do you want to go?
    • What are your dreams?
    I think that in the first photo the child think : I live in a dumpsite here there is stench, we don’t play so much and we don’t have fun. I live here since I was born I have not a beautiful house, around me everything is filthy and at night it is cold thence I’m not complaining because here I have my family, here I can eat here I have my friend and I’m happy for this. Sure work is not easy we spend all the day crawl up and down to the heaps of rubbish and at the end of the day I’m really tired but I know that however I have a family I know that there are some of my friend that don’t have a dad or a mum I have also trousers of my favorite color I really like them, and so I think I’m a lucky girl!
    I really like this sentence : “ […]it forces me to not take things for granted and be thankful of what the destiny has had in store for me up to now” and I am agree with this. I try to not take thing for granted and thank god to have a family to have a house and for everything that I have.
    About Michelle I have learnt that we must considered us lucky to go to school, to have an education, to not work in those circumstances, to have the medicines and even for other thing! Like for a t-shirt.the differences are many, for example that here we go to school every day because it is a right, there, isn’t the possibility like here because there the education is not important as here and they aren’t the possibility to can their children go to school, another difference is that here you can cure a simple disease (like a fever)there you died for it.
    The videos :
    Andy Mulligan come up with the idea of writing “Trash”, when he went to a trip to Philippine’s dumpsite where he taught in a school as a school teacher. He saw many children that worked and he inspired his protagonists for his book and also the location.
    He said that write a book can take years instead he write “ Trash” very fast and he said even that he knew the ending before he knew the beginning. He use the strategy of went to the dumpsite and saw a true reality. Even for this reason he wrote so fast “Trash”. I really like it.

  23. Alberto Rocco scrive:

    Picture one
    Hi, my name’s Luis and the little boy close to me in the photo is my brother whose name is MIke but in the dumpsite he’s called Little Mike because of his height. He likes how others call him because he tinks that it’s a thing which makes him distinct. Our parents are both dead. They died because of a pestilence some years ago.
    They were attached to me and Mike and we used to get on well even though here the life is hard.
    Now, my brother and I live with our uncle George, he’s infirm but he stays with us lot of time while we aren’t working.

    Hi Luis,
    how are you? I know it’s difficult living without parents especially for children, like you. For that I decided to write to you. I think you’re so strong because, as I said before, it’s lot difficult to live in your conditions. So I feel sorry for you. I hope I will have a trip through dumpsites where people like you live. I wish that after a journey to places like the one where you live I will understand better what living in a dumpsite and working for something which is about nothing for me means. I thin it would be extremely important because it could change my life, making me appreciate everything life gives me.
    I hope to see you soon.

    Picture two: (
    Dear Diary,
    it’s the beginning of a new week and it means that new trucks are coming to our dumpsite. We’re so hopeful. Yesterday was an horrible day because I found a dead body in the east side of the dumpsite. I was alone and I got very frightened. Tonight I had a frightening nightmare about a zombie and I didn’t sleep.
    Today I hope to found something better than the dead body even if it’s easy that I will because almost everything is better than a corpse. I wish that today I will work with my two sons, Karim and Ron, because they’re so happy when they work togheter and I really enjoy working with them.
    In spite of everything I thank God for everything we recive. The main important thing is my family and we are tight so I’m happy.
    Your Katy.

  24. Chiara Tosi scrive:

    I chose the fourth picture.
    I am Juny, I am a dumpsite girl. I’m 10… maybe 11 years old. I don’t exactly know. I live in the dumpsite with my mum and my 5 brothers. Yes, I am the only girl. Now my mum is scavenging searching something to eat, my brothers too. My dad disappeared when I was 4. I was always with him. I was his princess. Now I don’t know where he is and if he will return back. I really miss him. Here in the dumpsite I don’t have lots of friends. I usually stay with my eldest brother. He teaches me how to rummage and how to sort what I find. I don’t really like staying here, I want to go to school but I can’t. I have to scavenge.
    Hi Juny, I liked your story, and I chose for you a photo of a rainbow. I really like this image and I want to dedicate it to you. Because I know that it isn’t easy to live there. I want to tell you to be strong because you and your dream are like a big rainbow after the rain. Chiara.

    And I chose the seventh picture.
    ( Jonathan. 9 years old) Dear diary, Today I woke up earlier than the others days. I want to see the sunrise. I am here, on a rubbish heap, watching the sky. It is pink and blue… it is fantastic to me. But it is so… grey here. Today I am so happy. It my birthday and my mum told me I can do what I want. I think I am going to draw. I like drawing. I draw on a piece of paper I found once in the rubbish. I want to became a painter, drawing sunrises and sunsets. I want to go the sea side to see how is the sun at evening there. I don’t know how I could accomplish my dream, I home something will happen and someone will arrive. Happy birthday to me. Jon.

    I’d like to help the children and to partake this project. It is important for everyone. For the children that live in the dumpsites, they receive some help. But it is important also for us. We do something special to help somebody’s lives.
    The merits I can really account for myself in life are not, for example, something like the money I have got. I can be a person proud of myself if I helped someone, if I was determined, if I was no lazy and if I did things by engaging. Certainly, if I was born in a developed country I will have more possibilities that a person who was born in an underdeveloped country. I have more possibilities of work and study, but I have more possibilities to help who needs something. So, I am lucky if I have lot of money and I can study, but I am more lucky if I know how to spend my money and my education to help other people.
    Michelle is a teenager that lives in a dumpsite in the Philippines. She likes going to school and reading about Gandhi because she understands she has to be determined to be what she wants.
    Reading her story, I realized how lucky I am and how we take things for granted without think that there are people the same age as our that are starving, digging in the rubbish to find something to eat or sell. The main differences between my life and her life are:
    • I wake up every day and I have breakfast, she eats only when she finds something;
    • I have lots of clothes and she wears what she finds;
    • I live in a house, she lives in a shack;
    • I go to school by bus and I don’t risk my life every day, she risks her life scavenging in the rubbish and walking on sharp materials.
    I really like the octave question, where they ask the author what he thinks about children-exploitation problem. I like it because I can get an idea of what the author thought when he wrote the book. I would ask him if he would like to be a volunteer in a dumpsite and if he would like to read the book to the children that live there.

  25. Chiara Turchet scrive:



    I’m Dayita and I am five years old. I was born in this dumpsite and I live here with my mum. I have four brothers and three sisters. I’ ve never met my father: my mum always told me that my father escaped from the dumpsite to find a place where we could have a better life and a good future. I’d like to believe in this story, but I know that he is died for a strange disease before I was born. I love my mum, because she is really sweet and sensitive and she always tries to do her better for us: she is the only one that can put a smile on my face every day. I get on very well with my brothers and sisters because we are united and we help each other every moment. They take care of me and I am thankful to them. How we live in a dumpsite? We have nothing. We wake up early in the morning to start sifting in the garbage hoping to find something to eat and survive. The most beautiful sound for us is the noise of the engine’s van in the morning: that van bring us not only food and objects, but above all dreams and hopes. I am a five years old girl that live in a dumpsite and my job is sifting and sifting in the rubbish, but I am still a little girl and for this I have a lot of dreams and hopes. Every day when I wake up from our shack and I hear the noise of the van I always try to imagine that in that van I could find something really special, that can change my life forever and bring me good luck. That is my biggest dream! I want to escape from here and I want live my life in another place with my family: I want to go to school, to wear new dresses and run freely in the most green and clean meadows. This is only a big dream, but I have nothing and dreaming is the only thing that remain to me.
    Hi Dayita,
    I’m Chiara, an Italian schoolgirl, and I am fifteen years old. I know about you and your life. I am lucky because I live in a wealthy country and I have my rights and I can realize my plans in my reality. As can you understand I can not even imagine how is your life in the dumpsite and so I think that phrases like ”I’m sorry for your situation” aren’t suitable. But I want to tell you that I admire you, your maturity and your power. I’m sure that one day, very early, you will find something special that can really change your life, I think you will realize your dreams because you really believe in them. And so the one thing that I want to tell you is do not stop dreaming. Dreams are your power! And they are the most important and beautiful power in the world. I promise you that during my life I will always do my best to sensitize my country to help you and to improve your world. Because I think that if all of us contribute for your cause, you will live a better life. We have to collaborate, above all the politicians and the presidents that have the power, the money and the possibility to change your situation forever. One day I’d like to come to your country, I’d like to meet you and your family and I’d like to say to you : ”Have you seen? Your dream comes true”. And this is, little girl, my biggest hope. Do not stop dreaming Dayita!
    Love and Kisses, Chiara


    Dear Diary,
    today I’m really happy because I found a wonderful jacket in the garbage and I am sure that my oldest son will appreciate it. He always works so hard every day, from dawn until sunset and he deserves a gift. I’m happy, but inside of me there are a lot of sadness and bitterness. My sons and daugthers don’t imagine how much I cried every night about the situation they are living. I am a mother and I want the best for my children. But here I can’t give a real life to them. I’d like to have the possibilities to escape from the dumpsite and move to another country, where they could find more opportunities. I only want to make them happy. All the mothers of the world make that every day. Why I can not do the same? Why I have to live here? Why the destiny is so cruel to some of us in the world? I need the power to continue dreaming, hoping and praying. I can not pray because I don’t believe in my faith anymore! This is the life of a mother in a dumpsite: I have to work all day and I can’t even make my sons and daughters happy. Is that a life? I only hope that one day things will be better for the new generations…


    Yes, I do. I’d like really much to take part to this project, because I want to help those people and improve their lives. If the powerful people of the Governments don’t do anything to help them, even if they have all the possibilities to do something important, we should instead fight for the rights of the poor people and contribute to help them. I also think that a project like this will work only if there are support and collaboration from a lot of people. If we do not start helping the people in difficulty, the world won’t ever fight the poverty and his problems.
    Well I often think about my future and my destiny too: when I was younger I had the desire to discover what will be happened in my life beforehand. But now I think that my destiny is like a movie : you won’t discover the end until you see it. So I want to live my life completely in the present to try to realize my plans to make it better in the future. Only what you do in the present can make your future gorgeous. Just living my life I will discover the end of my movie.


    Michelle’s mother didn’t afford to send Michelle or her siblings to school because of the cost of books, uniforms and transport. “It’s impossible to afford,” she says. “I have no work and no savings.”This really astonished me because I think that for a mother the most important thing is to ensure a good life for her children and the people who live in wealthy countries often take it for granted. But I could see that the right to go to school to young people is not so granted. Well my life and Michelle’s one are really different: I have so many fortunes and rights in my country that she doesn’t have. During my life I can realize my plans and I could become what I want one day, in the future. But I am sure that both of us have the desire to learn and the power to continue dreaming. I know that her dreams are different from mine but both of us do not stop believing in them and that make us similar.


    I like so much the interview to Andy Mulligan. I liked above all when Mr. Mulligan talked about the importance of to the issue of the young people that live in the dumpsites. We sometimes don’t think about the people who are less fortunate than us and we think only for ourselves, separating us from the poor part of our world. It seems sometimes that we don’t see the poverty of the world, but there is and so we have to do something to fight it. Then I liked when he talked about his experience in Manila with the poor little children that have to sift all the day in the garbage to survive. And at the end of the interview I liked when he commented saying that it is really beautiful for a Western person sees the reality of the poorest countries, above all the Asian countries, because you can really understand the situation of those people and reflect about yourself and your life. I’d like to ask to Mr. Mulligan what are the messages that he wanted to convey to the audience with his book and I’d also like to ask him if there is a character in his book that represent him.

    Andy Mulligan comes up with the idea of writing “Trash” because he wanted to describe his trip to the dumpsite, his emotions and his view of this important issue. He wrote the book really fast because he found out the right places and the characters to represent the story in the best way.

  26. Sonia Bruccoleri scrive:

    Picture one:
    Hi! My name is Olive, I’m six years old and I live on a dumpsite with my family. We are six people: my mother, my father, my two brother, my little sister and I. My mother come here because of debts and my father was a small businessman who lose everything and so come here where he knew my mum. We all are very close although the life here is very difficult but we know that together is more easier to face it.
    Hi Olive, my name is Sonia and I have sixteen years old. I live in Italy and even if the condition of most of the italian people are critical, fortunately I have a house and I can go to school. Obviously I don’t know what you feel and what you do but I would discover it and also learn from you how be happy withouth nothing.
    Picture two:
    Dear diary,
    today is a new ordinary day for me and my family. I have to go through the trash to search something that I can sell or eat and share with my little brother and my parents. I admit that here the life is very hard and sometimes I think :”What we’ve done before to be here now”. But there is a positive thing: here the people know you for what you are and so they can’t judge you for something concrete because we are all equal and nobody have something to brag about. I think that this is the only good thing in this place. I really hope to escape from here someday and be able to be a good worker, have a big family and give them all the things that I couldn’t have in my life. I want it with all of my heart.
    I should go now, bye!
    I’m intrested to help this people of course, I would do something for them. One of my aim is to go someday in a place like a dumpsite to give my help to people who really need it and learn something from it.
    If I was conceived in a developed country I think that I’ll be more stronger but I’ll have also more regrets than now.
    Michelle is a sixteen years old and lives in Payatas but because of a tropical storm her house was flooded and she lost everything. Fortunatly she and her simblings now can go to school thanks to an association Knk that have two classroom to make more easier for the children to come to class from work. The main differeces between her life and mine are that she lives in another country, she is more little than me but all our life is different the only thing that we have in common is that we both go to school.
    She is a strong person who doesn’t lose hope for a better future even when her family and she were victims by something that changed their life in a negative way and more people should follow her example.
    The question that I liked the most was “Did you actually work with this children, observe them?” but the question that had more my attencion was “How you get in touch with this children?” because when I read this book I was so inquiring to know how he had this story, how he found them, how they worked together, if he is still in touch with them..

    How did Andy Mulligan come up with the idea of writing “Trash”? The idea of “Trash” start with a visit on a dumpsite in the Philippinas and when he saw the location and all the children working he got inspired.
    What strategies did he use to write it? To write this book he first knew the ending and than he thought how to beginnig and so he wrote it very fast.
    What are the things he wants to find in fiction? He wants to find some reality.

  27. Alexia Toniol scrive:

    I think that this kind of life is very hard and not fear because in the world there are a lot of people who have things they don’t use and they have them just to say “I have this too”, while in other places of the world people can only dream things that they really need to survive.
    In my opinion life in a rubbish dump is almost impossible,especially unfair for everybody,from small children to elderly,even if I think that there are a few adults because the majority of the children don’t survive.
    I would ask anything to them because in my opinion we can see in their eyes what they think and we can understand how they are feeling. I would like to hug one at a time for a very long time and I would spend with them a lot of time: if they want to talk with me and confide things to me I will be happy to listen to them and I will try to make them smile,because every person, especially children,must be happy!
    Their eyes tell me that they are living in a hard and unfair way,and that they are sad ,even if they smile like people who live with all the necessary and maybe ever more.

  28. Gaia Bortolin scrive:

    My name’s Evelyn and I live here in the rubbish dumb of Cebu City in the Philippines, with my big family: my mum, my dad and my 13 brothers and sisters. Every day I have to face a harsh reality: in the morning I start sifting through the rubbish with the other people who live in the rubbish dump, hoping to find something interesting to sell. But it’s very difficult, so when we find something we can sell we’re really happy. In the evening, I usually drag with my mum our pickings to the scrap dealer, to see how many kgs we have to sell them. Life is really hard here, and you have to fend for yourself all the time. I don’t usually get washed, but now, once a week, Father Heinz Koluke comes here and gives us the opportunity and the means to get washed. He helps us very much, so we’re extremely grateful to him. The food we eat is filthy and unhealthy, but we’re always very hungry so we are happy with what we can find in the day. I’d really like to go to school and have the chance to learn about interesting things with other children, but my parents want me to stay here, because I have to help my family sifting through the rubbish to survive. During the day I don’t have time to play with my friends and have fun, because I have to keep searching in the rubbish dump. Every day I also face many dangers here: there are always a lot of scorpions and in the rainy season rats come and attack us. They’re really dangerous, and you could die if one of them bites you. We can also tread on sharp peaces of plastic or shards and cut our feet.
    I and the other children here in the rubbish dump hope for a better tomorrow, where our dreams can be fulfilled.

  29. Eleonora Cupin scrive:

    Hello my nane is Marika and I’m six years old.
    I live in a dumpsite in the North of Philippines with my family.
    I have one brother who is younger than me and a sister who is 14 years old.
    We all work in the dumpsite, we sift through the trash all the day to separate metal from paper or plastic ect..
    Metal is the most importante because it is most vaulable.
    And so we can earn a lot of money.
    But when we are in the trash we have to be really careful!
    There are loads of perils! We may be crushed by a bulldozer, bitten by scorpions, rats; and we can be cut by shards.
    However in the trash we find food, clothes and pur little treasures like toys!
    We never go to school but my family needs me to make some money.
    My house is a makeshift shelter, mare with some cardboard and pieces of plastic.
    We don’t have running water, in fact we rarely get washed.
    A part of my friends have also lice! Fortunately I don’t!
    With my friends in the evening I have time to play, obviously after having weighed the trash that we collected.
    We dance and sing or play with the toys that we found. I have a dream, we all have a dream, mine is to travel the world and get out of the dumpsite.
    I know that my life is a daily struggle and I have to fend forma myself, but I’m not hopeless I continue believing that i can change my future.
    I have people, like my family, that love me so I think I’m not in a hell.
    Also I have to say “thank you” to the people who cane to the dumpsites to help us.
    They teach US some notions, they speak at US without holding their noses, they are like angels! Some doctors, dentista and nurses take care of us, they check my and my friends’ health.
    I think what they do is a drop in the sea, but thanks to that drop, we can be in health, that is we are alive.

  30. Martina Di Bernardo scrive:

    A day starts with the ash
    Someone runs through the streets shouting loudly
    Help me to find my family
    Excuse me I will not stay alone in this world’s part
    Sunlight will save me from all this ash!!

  31. Martina Di Bernardo scrive:

    I am aware that is not one of the most beautiful places of Karabash’s city but my brother and I will come to play the same.
    We hide in what once was our home and we play.
    Feel that smeell?mum baked a cake.
    Then we run out!
    OH yes! Now I’m just a poor open window on a world devastated.
    I remember the beautiful red curtains hung on my glasses.
    I liked when the children looked out on me to look at the beautiful green landspace, hear the pleasant chats, when children throwing snowballs in winter for fun and sometimes they hit me, all this was magnificent.
    Now it is no more so but the nice thing is that these children with whom I have lived since chilldhood continue to smile despsite everything.

  32. Nicole Mellina scrive:

    I read the book and watched the film, the two were a little bit different in some things, but they were both interesting. Some characters had different names, like one of the main characters in the book was named Jose angelico, and in the film was Jose angelo. Some scenes were different like the one at the cimitery that was not in the book, and there were some new characters that were added in the film and weren’t in the book. To me, the friendship is shown incredibly more in the novel than in the film, the film instead is based on the corruption of police officers and politicans and shows very few of the lives of the three boys. I think that someone who reads the novel would like to watch even the film, because it’s nice to see if the characters are as you immagined them, and it’s nice to see the differences and the things added or removed. But I don’t think that someone who watched the film would read the novel, becuase if you aren’t so interested in the story you just like to watch a film and relax, only someone who wants to know something more would read it. But I think this is improbable. Despite this I would reccomend to read the novel and as well to watch the film.

  33. Elisa Liut scrive:

    The book cover I found more appealing is the third one, because it reflects the image I created in my mind while I was reading, the place drawn in the cover seems the one I imagined.

  34. valeria scrive:

    1.I find most appealing the first book cover
    2.The first book cover catches my attention because in the background Ithink there is a real pictures of the dumpsite and it gives an idea of how they live

  35. Falvo Arianna scrive:

    1. Which one do you find most appealing?
    I find most appealing the third cover because there are Raphael, Gardo and Rat on a mountain of trash.
    2. Which one catches your attention most? Why?
    The first catches my attention because on the background there is a photo of a real dumpsite so you can imagine the boys working in.

  36. Shani Parpinel scrive:

    For me the most appealing cover is the first one because you can see the houses where the dumpsite boys live, even better, the shecks where they live. It seems like you’re in the same place of the child in the picture. This cover also cought my attention because there’s a little boy in the picture. That means also little children sift through the rubbish.

  37. Elena Fogliato scrive:

    For me the most appealing is the second book cover but the first one catches my attention because is more real than others because you can see the shacks surround of trash and you can understand where live with their family. If I see this book cover, I see the freedom that the main character reached it.

  38. Alessia Marini scrive:

    I found the third image most appealing because it is a colorfull picture,it has bright and shiny colors that catches the attention.
    The message is clear,it is easy to understand that there are three young boys above the amount of rubbish in a dumpside.I like this book cover more than the others,also because behind the kids,in the background,there is a beautiful sunshine and i really like it.
    If I had never read this book I think that the last book cover involves me to read it and makes me curios more than the others would do.

  39. Leonardo Ferreira scrive:

    I find the first one more appealing than the others because it has a bright light on the cover that let imagine a goal to be reached. Furthermore, the child drown on the cover means that the story is about a young boy looking for something because of his open arms. Also the colours yellow, orange and light brown are attractive.

  40. Pablo Raspa scrive:

    Which one do you find most appealing?
    Which one catches your attention most? Why?

    I love the third one because, from the picture, it seems that they don’t care what they are, how they are and where they are, the only thing that counts for them (and this should count for the other people in the earth too) it’s that they are enjoying the life.